Publications

 

 

Results of Comprehensive National Sociological Survey Assessment of the social and economic situation and needs of senior citizens in Kazakhstan

This report presents the results of a comprehensive national sociological survey to study the socio- economic situation and needs of older people in Kazakhstan. The study was conducted by the Public Opinion Research Center (CIOM) with the technical and financial support of the United Nations Population Found (UNFPA), commissioned by the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection OF THE Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan, under the auspices of the National Commission on Women Affairs, Family and Demographic Policy under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 

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Religiosity of the urban community in Kazakhstan

Religious values as the most important component of the worldview can significantly affect various aspects of human life - from everyday practices to political preferences. The analysis of changes in religiosity shows that in the post-Soviet space, there is a clear tendency of the transition from atheistic attitudes to the religious revival. In the contemporary Kazakhstan society, a complex model of religious identity develops - it combines ideals and norms of religious consciousness with ideas of spirituality and national revival, but the confession values can often only be of an external, declarative nature. According to different studies, in Kazakhstan, the share of believers following religious practices increases. The question is whether people really observe religious rites and traditions and follow religious regulations. The article summarizes the results of the study conducted by the Center for the Study of Public Opinion to assess the religiosity of the Almaty urban community. The survey showed that the share of people who identify themselves as a part of some confession is significant; however, this is not a direct indicator of the increase in the number of true believers seeking to actively follow all religious rules and practices. The article presents the data on the activity of respondents in religious practices, their knowledge and understanding of some religious postulates. The study showed that the religious renaissance among the youth can be accompanied by undeveloped religious consciousness and insufficient religious knowledge, which provides grounds for the dissemination of pseudo-religious ideas including the extremist ones. 

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The media-preferences of the population of Сentral Аsian countries: the results of sociological research

In order to study the post-Soviet space in various countries established research institutes and centers, but still not enough data and first-hand information about the various aspects of life in these countries. In particular, it is interesting to study the media preferences of the population of Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, despite the common Soviet past, each of these countries has its own unique path of development and its features, including access to external information. This article presents some results of sociological surveys of mentioned countries’ population in terms of their media preferences. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore public opinion on a range of social and political issues. Achieving the goal of the study was determined by the tasks of studying the level of satisfaction of the population with the work of various structures, the assessment of certain events, the situation in the country, the social well-being of residents. In addition, we identified the most common sources of information, trends in access to external information. Comparative analysis of the results showed that despite of increase of communication technologies, the most important source of information in these countries is the television. The study showed the importance of information sources in each of the studied countries, as well as the most preferred TV channels, radio, newspapers and Internet sources. In the households of the countries, the presence of only national TV channels is gradually reduced and cable or satellite TV is expanding, the predominance of only national TV channels is more widespread among the citizens of Uzbekistan. Key words: media preferences; media; Central Asia; media space. 

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Family values in the conditions of socio-economic changes in Kazakhstan

This article discusses the socio-economic changes in family values in Kazakhstan society. The author of the article emphasizes the role of the family in modern Kazakhstan. Family is the main value in human life, which transmits spiritual and moral values from generation to generation. As the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev noted: “The family is the pivot of Kazakhstan’s society, the basis of all the new achievements of our country in the economy, culture and social policy”. The Republic of Kazakhstan is a dynamically developing country, but at the same time, changes in family values, a cultural crisis that has penetrated into all sectors of society is alarming. The article reflects the social processes of our time, such as divorces, civil marriages, single mothers, “abandoned” children and much more. The author analyzes the problems of the family institution in Kazakhstan, based on statistical data. In the context of the article, the role of the state in supporting young families is revealed. It is shown that the family institution is in crisis, faced with the challenges of globalization. In the era of globalization, dynamic transformations of social relationships occur. In this regard, marriage and familyrelations, the roles of men and women in the family, in general, the totality of all family values began to change. According to the author, the search for spiritual origins and traditions of family relations, as well as improving the quality of life of the young generation, will allow maintaining stability in the family institution. Key words: Family, values, family values, Kazakhstan, society, transformation, сhanging. 

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Intergenerational relations in family: a theoretical review

This article discusses and analyzes the theory of generations and intergenerational relations. Intergenerational relations become an object for interdisciplinary study, especially in sociological science, because of the rapid changes which are taking place in society. The researching of representatives of different generations is necessary to study the trends of progress in society. Generation are interrelated. Every previous generation shapes the present generation, and the present generation shapes the future generation. The analysis of generations introduces new theoretical aspects in the study of the processes of historical development in the social area. It is necessary to pay special attention to the study of this topic. The family is the main social institution of society, all the changes that occur have a huge impact on it. Recently, there has been an increased interest in the study of family traditions, heritage, experience. In the family, intergenerational relationships are among the most important influences on parents and children. Intergenerational communication is the transmission and acceptance of experience from ancestors to descendants. The socio-cultural life of different generations changes from year to year. However, there are values that are the most sustainable, useful. Continuity and intergenerational relationships in the family are the basis for the keeping the values and successful functioning. Keywords: "Generation", «intergenerational relations", "family", "society", "transmission". 

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The status and development prospects of nuclear and extended families in Kazakhstan: comparative analysis

The family plays an important role in the development of society. The family shapes a worldview, instill spiritual and moral values, accustoms to a certain behavior, instills skills and responsibility, keep the traditions and culture of the people alive, and a lot more. 

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Review of foreign studies on social policy in the field of inclusive education

The article is aimed at reviewing foreign research on social policy in the field of inclusive education. The purpose of the article is a literary review of foreign research on this topic with the determination of the priority and place of social policy in the field of inclusive education on the world stage. What is the link between inclusive education and social inclusion in the review? How do they reflect the place of social policy in inclusive education in modern research?, which will be targeted by social policy in the field of inclusive education? these questions are answered in the article. In the course of the literature review, relevant scientific information was considered: progress in the realization of the right to inclusive education, policy, practice and approach to inclusive education, contextualization of inclusive education in educational policy, and the results of research by special authors were analyzed. The main criteria that the authors set for the articles selected in the literature review are articles published in recent years in journals and publications with a high world index within the topic. In order to increase its objectivity, four main articles are selected and undergo a special literary analysis, which can reveal the relevance of the topic and complement each other. In the future, the article can be considered as an auxiliary tool for conducting empirical research on the problems of social policy in the field of inclusive education. Keywords: inclusion, inclusive education, social policy, issues of inclusion in education. 

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 Religious harmony and tolerance of the urban residents of Kazakhstan: Results of the sociological research

Researchers believe that in recent decades in Kazakhstan the religious situation has changed, which was manifested in an increase of the number of believers who follow religious precepts and build their lifestyle according to them. Kazakhstan is a multi-ethnic country, where representatives of different ethnicand religious groups live. It is important to study the level of tolerance and religious harmony between different social groups. The article presents the results of the sociological study of tolerance and religious views in Almaty — the most populated city of Kazakhstan — based on the method of individual standardized interview. The results of the survey show the prevalence of tolerant relations for the majority of respondents said that they had not experienced any problems or insult based on their religious views. At the same time, the refusal to accept a person of another religion or other religious views as a member of one’s family is more typical for Moslems, namely of Kazakh and Uzbek ethnicity, and also for people with a low level of education and low incomes of the household. On the one hand, there is a clear desire for religious harmony; on the other hand, there are transformations of religious practices based not so much on the phenomenon of faith but on national traditionalism. The results of the survey prove that level of religious harmony is influenced to a certain extent by social-economic conditions. Key words: religiosity; religious harmony; tolerance; polyethnic society; religious views; population of Kazakhstan. 

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Results of a sociological study of domestic violence against women in the family relations (on the example of the Crisis center for women in Almaty)

According to the UN Foundation, 400 women are killed every year as a result of domestic violence in the country. For this reason, divorce rates are also increasing. There are thousands of cause of this social problem, and the social consequences can be burdensome for all social institutions if prevention measures are not currently studied and developed. For children who have seen their father beaten and humiliated in the family, this event becomes a “historical root” in the child’s memory. The Kazakh proverb about what you see from the nest, in interviews with our respondents, proved how the trace of their husbands’ childhood affected their family. Children who have seen their fathers beaten and discriminated against in their families change their “mother kindness”. Research on the topic was conducted by the Public opinion research center in December 2019, and analysis and processing of research materials were conducted until the end of March 2020. The purpose of the research: to identify the causes of domestic violence against women in Kazakhstani families, based on cases of women seeking help from the crisis center in Almaty.

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Problem of pregnancy among young girls in kazakhstan: results of sociological researchThis article presents the results of a sociological study of reproductive health, sexual activity and awareness of reproductive health among young people and adolescents aged 15-19 years. The article presents the theoretical work of social science researchers from the United States, Europe and Russia. The empirical part of the article is presented by studies carried out by the Center for Study of Public Opinion (CIOM) and the Center for Social and Political Research "Strategy" in 2018-2019. According to the CIOM survey, 294 girls aged 15-19 had sexual intercourse, 49 of them were pregnant, 30 of them ended up in childbirth, 11 girls had an abortion and eight girls had miscarriages. In general, the studies have shown that the problem of early pregnancy among underage girls is an urgent problem that requires further careful study.

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Socio-psychological problems arising from the pregnancy of underage girls
The article presents a sociological analysis of the socio-psychological problems that arise in pregnant underage girls. The authors summarize their views on this issue based on the results of theoretical and applied social research. As a result of the study, it was found that the formation of the sexual culture of underage pregnant girls is influenced by their psychological and social environment, which is formed from childhood. According to the results of an applied sociological study conducted by independent experts, the average age of sexual intercourse among adolescents in Kazakhstan is 16.5 years, according to sociological surveys, 4360 people took part in the survey, including 294 sexually active girls, 49 of whom were pregnant. One of them is the poor health of themselves and their children, the inability of these girls to continue their education, discrimination in the social environment, etc. As a result of such obstacles, they have social and psychological problems, including social stigma and discrimination, girls' suicide or abandonment of children as well as social orphanhood. Read more...

 

 

In the book “Values of Kazakhstan family. Understanding of matrimony ”, the authors tried to understand and understand what value orientations unite our people, to reveal such important concepts as the main family values and what a happy family is in the understanding of women and men. This information was obtained on the basis of a study - a survey of couples in 9 regions of Kazakhstan, conducted by the Center for the Study of Public Opinion (CIOM). It is published with Civil Initiatives Support Center With the support of the Ministry of Information and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Public Foundation «Center for Integrated Family Support «Family Academy» is responsible for the content of the publication, which does not necessarily reflect the position of the NAO «Civil Initiatives Support Center». The point of view of the authors, reflected in this collection, may not coincide with the point of view of NAO «Civil Initiatives Support Center».

Report in kazakh/russian language

 


 Corporate Fund "EREKSHE TANDAU-SHELEK" within the framework of the state grant Civil Initiatives Support Center With the support of the Ministry of Information and Social Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan, in 2019, a study was conducted: “Analysis of the situation with the realization of human rights in remote regions of the country, including rural settlements, (the right to education, healthcare, labor, access to justice)” with the participation of the CIOM research team.

Report in kazakh language
Report in russian language


 In 2018, CIOM conducted a sociological study on the reproductive health of adolescents and young people aged 15–19 years, their sexual behavior and access to reproductive health services and information in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The study was commissioned by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) with financial support from UNFPA and the Embassy of the Netherlands in Kazakhstan and technical support from the Republican AIDS Center.

Report in kazakh language

Report in russian language 

 

Constantly changing requirements and market development increase the need for fixed collection and provision of high-quality statistical information for all categories of the population and the entities. For timely high-quality servicing and expansion of opportunities of the state statistics requires deep understanding of needs of consumers. For this purpose, and also with intention to study opinions of users of statistics on quality of the state statistics within monitoring of results of KAZSTAT the research of level of satisfaction of the Kazakhstan users with statistical information was conducted. The research is conducted by CIOM, field project works passed during the period from 30.05.2016 to 30.06.2016. The quantitative method - the individual standardized interview was applied for achievement of goals and research problems. Poll covered generally legal entities of the Republic of Kazakhstan working in various spheres and industries, including state authorities, in all regions of Kazakhstan and the statistical data made by Committee according to the statistics of the Ministry of national economy of RK using in the activities. Results of a research are provided in this presentation.

The research of satisfaction level of the Kazakhstan users with statistical information was conducted 

 

The research "Studying of equal access to the state services of inhabitants with disability of the remote settlements of the Sheleksky region" is conducted in february-march, 2016 by the center of studying of public opinion (сiom, almaty) by request of corporate fund "erekshe tandau-shelek" of the public combining "society of cheeful disabled people", thanks to help of the american people given through agency of the usa on the international development (usaid). kf "erekshe tandau-shelek" has responsibility for the content of the publication which not necessarily reflects a line item of usaid or the u.s. government.  

Report "Studying of equal access to the state services of inhabitants with disability of the remote settlements of Sheleksky district", Almaty, 2016  

 

Monitoring of service quality of tax authorities 2012. Research of opinion of taxpayers has been conducted by the center of studying of public opinion in case of a financial support of association of taxpayers of kazakhstan, ENRC KAZAKHSTAN LLP, PROKTER AND GEMBL KAZAKHSTAN LLP, JSC NATIONAL NUCLEAR COMPANY KAZATOMPROM, JSC TURGAI PETROLEUM, JSC PETROKAZAKHSTAN, ERSAY KASPIAN KONTRAKTOR LLP, JSC LANCASTER GROUPKAZAKHSTAN, ERNST & YOUNG KAZAKHSTAN LLP. 

"An assessment and monitoring tax uslug_2012" (in a state language)"An assessment and monitoring tax uslug_2012" (in Russian)"An assessment and monitoring tax uslug_2012" (in English)  

 

Monitoring of service quality of tax authorities 2011. Research of opinion of taxpayers has been conducted by the Center of Studying of Public Opinion in case of a financial support of Association of taxpayers of Kazakhstan, the USAID "Increase of Competitiveness through Economic Reforms" Project, JSC Ust-Kamenogorsk Titanium-magnesium Works, Kaztsink LLP, Ernst & Young Kazakhstan LLP, etc. 

"Assessment and monitoring of tax services 2011" (in a state language)"Assessment and monitoring of tax services 2011" (in Russian)"Assessment and monitoring of tax services 2011" (in English) 

 

Internet users: results of sociological research (in Russian)
Founders of theories of information society believe that information society is the absolutely new society characterized by the processes opposite to that took place on the previous phases of development of societies. 

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Image of Astana and carrying out EXPO-2017 by the eyes of astana citizens (Results of sociological research) (in Russian)
From the moment of transfer of the capital from Almaty to Astana there have passed 16 years. During this time Astana from the town has turned into quickly developing megalopolis. 

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Smoking as a social problem in Kazakhstan (It is published, the Thought magazine, No. 4, 2012) (in Russian)
In researches of lifestyle, living conditions and health is such subject of studying as smoking, which is one of central. It is substantially defines lifestyle. 

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Specifics of labor migration in the modern world (It is published, the Thought magazine, No. 3, 2012) (in Russian)
The population explosion has resulted in the amplifying concentration of a manpower of the world in developing countries of which almost all gain of labor in world economy is the share. In this regard one of the most important aspects of a global demographic problem in modern conditions is employment and effective use of a manpower of developing countries. 

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Excess body weight as indicator of a state of health of the population: the reasons and consequences (in Russian)
Health is not absence of an illness per se or physical defects, and a condition of full physical, mental and social well-being. Index of body weight of IMT (body mass index (BMI)). – an indicator on growth and weight, a body weight index – Quetelet's index. He is equal – body weight in kilograms is divided into growth in meters in a square. He fixes presence of excess weight and gives the chance to predict development of such diseases as a hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, etc. 

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The analysis of the legislative problems interfering effective advance of the rights of women in the course of labor migration in Kazakhstan (September, 2009). (in Russian)
In November, 2005 Kazakhstan has joined the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Being a participant of the international legal mode of protection of human rights set by him, the country has undertaken to provide a right of use of all economic, social, cultural rights, equal for men and women. Along with it the republic, as well as other countries of the Central Asian region, is the Party of the Convention on elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (it is ratified on June 29, 1998) and the optional protocol to her (it is ratified on July 4, 2001). 

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Female labor migration in Kazakhstan (December, 2009). (in Russian)
The demographic structure of streams of labor migration represents a basic component in understanding of the phenomenon in general. Labor migration on age can be estimated at Kazakhstan as economically active, isn't inherent in it lines of only one floor, either man's, or female. Actually this last factor directly depends on understanding of the distinctions of man's and female employment existing in countries of origin: from Uzbekistan and Tajikistan men go generally if women, then as a part of families; from Kyrgyzstan, in the number of migrant workers women prevail. 

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Home-made bread of the present (October, 2008). (in Russian)
Today in our review it will be a question of bread machines. About such remarkable assistants in kitchen who cook the most tasty bread. For obtaining fuller information and exact data by our company has conducted small research of the market of bread machines. 

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Social networks of the present: analysis and assessment (September, 2008). (in Russian)
Every day popularity of social networks grows before quickly. It is confirmed by the numerous researches conducted by various companies. In this article we would like to consider social networks from figures and the checked facts. But for a start... 

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Carelessly back: work of women in migration (in Russian)
During the development Kazakhstan as the sovereign and independent state, has carried out a complex of the radical market reforms directed to overcoming of negative consequences of recession of economy, stabilization of an economic situation and ensuring in recent years sustained economic growth. GDP growth was constant and has made in 2008 16 billion 052 million tenges in comparison with 2000 - 2 billion 600 million tenges. 

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Consumer society. (in Russian)
What is the consumer society? Whether it what attitude of people towards the concept "consumption" of Kazakhstan was created? To find answers to such questions and to present today's consumer society in Kazakhstan CIOM has conducted research in November, 2008. 1300 inhabitants from 7 regions of Kazakhstan (the regional centers, the small cities and villages) have taken part in research. Selection of respondents took place with use of a method casual route selection with a quota on gender and age. Respondents aged from 18 till 64 years, from them 52% of women and 48% of men have taken part in poll. In more detail 

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The relation of Astana citizens and Almaty citizens to transfer of the capital: results of sociological research. (in Russian)
After transfer of the capital in 1997 to once small and modest city of Akmola residents of Almaty have lost the status of capital inhabitants. For several years after moving of government to Astana, public opinion ordered to Almaty citizens the status of the citizens offended by deprivation of the capital status. This fact has been noticeable by mood of citizens, for example, on a large number of jokes and tales about the Astana frosts, mosquitoes, bad service, etc. 

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Where the world slides or what will be with us tomorrow? (in Russian)

The agency sociological and market researches of "CIOM" on own initiative and at the expense of the means has conducted curious research of erudition of young Kazakhstan citizens in May, 2008.
Young people at the age of 15-24 years from 7 regional centers and 7 small cities participated in poll. Before conducting research, we waited that the received results will surprise us, but didn't think that so. 

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The violence against women is a crime or lawlessness? / the Social analysis / (in Russian)
The main obstacles in realization of the rights of women and their participation on an equal basis with men in life of society are the violence and threat of commission of violence against women. On international law, the violence over women is understood as any act made on the basis of a sexual character which causes or can inflict physical, psychological damage or suffering to women, and also threats of commission of such acts as coercion or imprisonment, whether it be in public or private life. 

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Intas_kazakhstan project: the analysis of objective indicators of economic transformation (in Russian)
Ten years of independent development of the Republic of Kazakhstan were marked by considerable changes in social and demographic structure of the population. Social and demographic processes have been caused by cardinal transformations of all public system, processes of modernization of society and economy, were characterized by both positive, and negative tendencies. 
Within the research INTAS project collecting and the analysis of information on studying of the changes which have happened in days of the transition period have been carried out. This project has been aimed at development of analytical reports on the social, economic and political transformations which have happened in recent years in 10 CIS countries: Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan. 

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Migration in Kazakhstan during the Post-Soviet period (in Russian)
Acquisition of the state independence in 1991 in the Republic of Kazakhstan, was marked by the beginning of transformational processes of the former USSR and expansion of a possibility of return of separate ethnic groups to the historical Homeland in Kazakhstan, as well as in many other CIS countries, there was a tendency of growth of negative balance of migration. So, since 1991 for 2001, the negative balance of migration not only has completely absorbed a natural increase of the population, but also has exceeded him more than twice as the natural increase of the population in 90 years was reduced almost twice, due to sharp decrease in number been born and increases in number of the dead in relation to the 80th years.

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Quality of electoral researches (or how to reduce random and systematic errors) (in Russian)
In Kazakhstan unlike Russia quality of electoral researches wasn't object of fixed consideration until recently. Electoral researches aren't capable to estimate the size of an administrative resource, and therefore in the conditions of its broad application yield results far from received on elections irrespective of the fact how they have been carried out. Judging by statements of the management of the republic, supported with heat of election campaign, current elections to Mazhilis generally will meet the international criteria. 

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Domestic violence concerning women in Kazakhstan: prevalence and prerequisites (in Russian)
This article is devoted to research house, or family, violence against women in Kazakhstan. Relying on results of quantitative research, an attempt of an assessment of scale and prerequisites of this phenomenon is made. In more detail. 

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Women and a problem of violence in the course of globalization (in Russian)
Characteristic feature of the modern difficult and conflict world - globalization process which is realized as at the level of the states, and social groups and individuals. Being carried out in real life, this fact is nowadays digested in the sphere of public consciousness and culture. 

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Deinstitutionalization of orphan children: a state, problems, prospects (May, 2004) (in Russian)
The institutionalization of children, that is the placement to residential institutions, is considered harmful to their development. In the developed countries seek to give support to families in order that parents wanted and could care for the children. In special cases use such measure as transfer of the child on education to adoptive parents, and the placement to residential institutions is used redko1. In Kazakhstan the main decision concerning children whose parents can't or don't want to care for them, there is still an institutionalization. In more detail 

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Medical care of the population of Kazakhstan: reality and estimates (September, 2003) (in Russian)
Health of the population and condition of health system - one of the main indicators and criteria of extent of development of the country. The sustainable development of the country is characterized not only dynamics of socio-economic indexes, but also means growth of life expectancy, one of the main criteria of human development. Satisfaction of social requirements including in medical care, growth of opportunities of the choice become main goals of development for any country of the world. 

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Smoking as a social problem in Kazakhstan (August, 2003) (in Russian)
In research of lifestyle, living conditions and health such subject of studying as smoking is one of central. He substantially defines lifestyle, by means of massive tobacco advertizing in mass consciousness the image of the smoker as carrier of the special values characteristic of any brand and smoking in general is formed. Negative impact of smoking of cigarettes on health is established for a long time, and the most serious consequence of smoking consists in sharp increase of risk of lung cancer. And, at last, the habit of smoking is rather expensive - smokers are forced to spend large sums for her satisfaction. In more detail Read more 

 

Presence and activity of the manufacturing companies in Kazakhstan (the final report, an omnibus, July, 2005) (in Russian)
The purpose of this quantitative market research was studying of activity of the manufacturing companies in the market of Kazakhstan.
For achievement of this purpose the following tasks have been set:
To determine the level of popularity of the manufacturing companies;
To determine the level of popularity of brands of goods;
To define the population attitude towards reputation of the manufacturing companies;
To reveal the positive and negative moments of presence and activity of the manufacturing companies in the market of Kazakhstan.

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Factors of family violence against women (in Russian)
Article contains some results of the research "Violence against Women in Kazakhstan" conducted in November-December, 1999 by the Center of Studying of Public Opinion (CSPO) at the initiative of the National commission on affairs of women at the President of Kazakhstan with financial and technical support Fonda Narodonaseleniya of the UN (UNFPA). Research has been aimed at data collection, necessary for judgment of the nature and scales of this phenomenon.  

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